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起重机常见的失落事故类型及原因分析!

发表时间: 2019-02-23 22:42:08

关注: 603

众所周知,起重机械安装拆卸作业是危险性比较大的工程,那么起重机械安装拆卸作业的时候应该注意什么,有什么安全要点呢? 

As we all know, hoisting machinery installation and disassembly operation is a dangerous project, so hoisting machinery installation and disassembly operation should pay attention to what, what are the safety points?

一起来看看吧 

Let's see 

1、起重机械安装拆卸作业前,安装拆卸单位应当按照要求办理安装拆卸告知手续。 

  1. Before the hoisting machinery installation and disassembly operation, the installation and disassembly unit shall go through the installation and disassembly notification procedures as required.

   2、起重机械安装拆卸作业前,应当向现场管理人员和作业人员进行安全技术交底。

  2. Before the hoisting machinery installation and disassembly operation, safety technical disclosure shall be made to the site management personnel and operating personnel.

 3、起重机械安装拆卸作业要严格按照专项施工方案组织实施,相关管理人员必须在现场监督,发现不按照专项施工方案施工的,应当要求立即整改。 

3. Hoisting machinery installation and disassembly shall be organized and implemented in strict accordance with the special construction plan. Relevant management personnel shall supervise on site. 

4、起重机械的顶升、附着作业必须由具有相应资质的安装单位严格按照专项施工方案实施。 

4. Lifting and attaching operations of hoisting machinery must be carried out by the installation unit with corresponding qualifications in strict accordance with the special construction plan. 

5、遇大风、大雾、大雨、大雪等恶劣天气,严禁起重机械安装、拆卸和顶升作业。 

5. In case of heavy wind, fog, heavy rain, heavy snow and other bad weather, hoisting machinery installation, disassembly and jacking operation are strictly prohibited. 

6、塔式起重机顶升前,应将回转下支座与顶升套架可靠连接,并应进行配平。

 6. Before jacking the tower crane, the slewing lower support shall be reliably connected with the jacking jacket and shall be balanced.

顶升过程中,应确保平衡,不得进行起升、回转、变幅等操作。

 In the process of jacking, balance shall be ensured, and lifting, turning and amplitude changing operations shall not be carried out.

顶升结束后,应将标准节与回转下支座可靠连接。 

After the end of jacking, the standard section shall be reliably connected with the rotary lower support. 

7、起重机械加节后需进行附着的,应按照先装附着装置、后顶升加节的顺序进行。 

7. If the hoisting machinery needs to be attached after jointing, it shall be carried out in the order of installing the attachment device first and then jacking up and adding jointing.

附着装置必须符合标准规范要求。 

The attachment device must meet the requirements of the standard specification.

拆卸作业时应先降节,后拆除附着装置。 

The connection should be lowered before the attachment device is removed. 

8、辅助起重机械的起重性能必须满足吊装要求,安全装置必须齐全有效,吊索具必须安全可靠,场地必须符合作业要求。

 8. The hoisting performance of auxiliary hoisting machinery must meet the hoisting requirements, safety devices must be complete and effective, sling devices must be safe and reliable, and the site must meet the operation requirements. 

9、起重机械安装完毕及附着作业后,应当按规定进行自检、检验和验收,验收合格后方可投入使用。

 9. After the hoisting machinery is installed and attached, self-inspection, inspection and acceptance shall be carried out according to the provisions. Only after passing the inspection, can it be put into use.

 10、起重机械安装拆卸作业必须按照规定编制、审核专项施工方案,超过一定规模的要组织专家论证。 

10, hoisting machinery installation and disassembly operations must be in accordance with the provisions of the preparation, review of the special construction plan, more than a certain scale to organize experts. 11、起重机械安装拆卸单位必须具有相应的资质和安全生产许可证,严禁无资质、超范围从事起重机械安装拆卸作业。

 11, lifting machinery installation and disassembly units must have the corresponding qualification and production safety license, no unqualified, beyond the scope of the lifting machinery installation and disassembly operations.

 12、起重机械安装拆卸人员、起重机械司机、信号司索工必须取得建筑施工特种作业人员操作资格证书。 

12. Hoisting machinery installation and disassembly personnel, hoisting machinery drivers and signal line workers must obtain the operation qualification certificate of construction special operation personnel.


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